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Table 2 Existing knowledge system around weeds found in three villages of eastern Uttar Pradesh

From: Connecting corporations and communities: Towards a theory of social inclusive open innovation

  Botanical name Use(s) reported in field Traditional uses Pharmacology
1 Ecilpta alba/ Eclipta prostrata Indigestion, hair problems Acidity, Asthma, Constipation, Diarrhea and dysentery, Fever, Gingivitis, Hemorrhoids, Hair fall, Burns, Alopecia, Bronchitis and pneumonia, Loss of appetite, Pimple, Wrinkles (Khan and Khan 2008) Anti-hepatotoxic property (Kim et al. 2008), Anaphylaxis activity, Immunomodulatory activity (Ghosh 1984), (Roitt et al. 1998), (Hudson and Frank 1991), Antidiabetic activity (Giordano et al. 1989), (Nahar 1993), Anticancer activity (Ruddon 2007), (St. Luke 2007), Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory activity (Singh et al. 2008) (Sawant et al. 2004)
2 Parthenium hysterophorus Fever Fever, Diarrhoea, Neurologic disorders, urinary tract infections, dysentery, malaria, inflammation, eczema, skin rashes, herpes, rheumatic pain, cold, heart trouble (Marwat and Khan 2015) Antioxidant, Anti-HIV Agents, Anticancer (Kumar et al. 2013),Thrombolytic activity (Prasad et al. 2006), Antitumor Screening (Al-Mamun et al. 2010), Antibacterial (Madan et al. 2011) (Fazal et al. 2011), Antifungal (Shazia and Sobiya 2012) (Zaheer et al. 2012)
3 Ipomoea aquatica Anemia, given to nursing mothers Itching, Antidote (Shukla et al. 2010),piles, sleeplessness, head-ache (Burkill 1966) (Van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara 2001), Diabetes (Iwu 1993) (Malalavidhane et al. 2000a),high blood pressure, nose bleeds (Duke and Ayensu 1985) (Perry and Metzger 1980), constipations (Samuelsson et al. 1992), Anti-diabetic activity (Villasenor et al. 1998) (Malalavidhane et al. 2000b), Anti-microbial activity, Anti-inflammatory activity (Sivaraman et al. 2010), Anti-arthritic activity (Saturnino et al. 2000), Anti-ulcer activity (Sivaraman and Muralidaran 2008), Nootropic activity (Sivaraman and Muralidaran 2010), Anxiolytic activity (Mohd et al. 2011)
4 Malvastrum coromandelianum Pain Fever, dysentery, wounds (Shah et al. 2013a), pain, diaphoretic (Amjad et al. 2015) wound healing activity (Gangrade et al. 2012), Antimicrobial, Anti irritant activities (Islam et al. 2010), Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic Activity (Khonsung et al. 2006)
5 Cleome viscosa Ear ache, indigestion neuralgia, rheumatism, pains, head ache, epileptic fits, ear ache (Sankaranarayanan et al. 2010), ringworm, flatulence, colic,
dyspepsia, constipation, cough, bronchitis, cardiac
disorders (Kirtikar and Basu 1975) (Saxena et al. 2000)
Antinociceptive, cytotoxic, Antibacterial activity (Bose et al. 2011), Anthelmintic, Antimicrobial, Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, Immunomodulatory, Antipyretic, psychopharmacological, Antidiarrheal, Hepatoprotective activity (Mali 2010)
6 Commelina benghalensis Fever headache, constipation, leprosy, fever, snake bite, jaundice (Hasan et al. 2008a) (Yusuf et al. 1994) (Yoganarasimhan 1996), epilepsy (Okello and Ssegawa 2007) Analgesic, Anti-Inflammatory Activity (Hossain et al. 2014), Acute hepatotoxicity (Sambrekar Sudhir et al. 2013), antitumor, anticancer, antioxidant activity (Hasan et al. 2008b) (Mbazima et al. 2008) (Rahman et al. 1990)
7 Digera muricata Kidney stones, Urinary infection blood purifier, pulmonary congestion (Shah et al. 2013b), diabetic (Jagatha and Senthilkumar 2011a), urinary discharges (Rajasab and Isaq 2004), kidney stone (Aggarwal et al. 2012) (Sharma et al. 2011) Hepatoprotective activity (Paulsson et al. 2001), (Friedman 2003), Antimicrobial activity (Mathad and Mety 2010), Anti-diabetic activity (Jagatha and Senthilkumar 2011b), Anthelmintic activity (Hussain 2008), Anti-testicular toxicity (Weber et al. 2003) (Lin et al. 2008), Allelopathic effect (Bindu and Jain 2011)
8 Achyranthes aspera Dysentery asthma, bleeding, in
facilitating delivery, boils, bronchitis, cold, cough, colic, debility, dropsy, dog bite, dysentery,
ear complications, headache, leukoderma, pneumonia, renal complications, scorpion bite,
snake bite, skin diseases (Jain 1991b)
Spermicidal Activity (Paul et al. 2010), Antiparasitic Activity (Zahir et al. 2009), Hypoglycemic and Cancer Chemo preventive Activity (Akhtar and Iqbal 1991) (Chakraborty et al. 2002), Hepatoprotective Activity (Bafna and Mishra 2004), Anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and Anti-oxidant activity (Vijaya Kumar et al. 2009) (Devi et al. 2009), Nephroprotective Activity (Jayakumar et al. 2009), Anti-depressant Activity (Barua et al. 2009), Broncho protective Activity (Goyal et al. 2007), Anti-allergic and Wound Healing Activity (Datir et al. 2009)
9 Oldenlandia corymbosa Skin infections skin sores, ulcers, sore throat, bronchitis, gynecological infections, pelvic inflammatory diseases (Chang Chang, and But, P. P. (Eds.). 1986) (Bensky et al. 1993) (Chang 1992) (Qu et al. 1990), jaundice, liver, heat eruptions, vitiated conditions of pitta, hyperdypsia, giddiness, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, constipation, helminthiasis, leprosy, skin diseases, cough, bronchitis, necrosis, nervous depression, bile, hepatopathy (Kirtikar and Basu 1994) Acute oral toxicity test (Awobajo et al. 2009), Cytotoxic Activity (Haryanti et al. 2013), Anti-malarial activity (Mishra et al. 2009), Antioxidant activity (Sasikumar et al. 2010), Abortifacient activity (Nikolajsen et al. 2011)
10 Phyllanthus niruri Stones kidney stones, gallbladder stones, liver related diseases,Jaundice (Bagalkotkar et al. 2006) Anti-spasmodic, pain relieving & anti-inflammatory (Shanbhag et al. 2010), Anti fertility activity (Ezeonwu 2011), Anti-microbial activity (Lopez et al. 2003), Anti-viral action (Hepatitis B) (Unander et al. 1995), Anti-ulcer activity (Cipriani et al. 2008), Antinociceptive activity (Santos et al. 1995)
11 Phyllanthus amarus Jaundice Jaundice, gastropathy, diarrhoea, dysentery, fevers, menorrhagia, scabies, genital infections, ulcers, wounds (Patel et al. 2011) migraine, jaundice (Kala et al. 2006) (Udayan et al. 2007), gonorrhoea, skin disease, malaria (Chenniappan and Kadarkarai 2010) Anticancer activity (Lee et al. 2011) (Abhyankar et al. 2010), Anti-diarrheal, gastro protective and antiulcer activity (Shokunbi and Odetola 2008), Antifungal activity (Sahni et al. 2005) (Agrawal et al. 2004), Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-allodynic and anti-oedematogenic activity (Iranloye et al. 2011), Antiplasmodial activity (Ajala et al. 2011)
12 Cyperus rotundus Linn. Menstruation Dysmenorrheal, menstrual irregularities (Bhattarai 1993), pain, fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, an emmenagogue, intestinal problems (Uddin et al. 2006a) (Vidal 1963) (Umerie and Ezeuzo 2000), analgesic, sedative, antispasmodic Anti-mutagens and radical scavengers (Kilani et al. 2005), Antimalarial (Thebtaranonth et al. 1995), Antidiarrheal (Uddin et al. 2006b), Antibacterial activity (Nima et al. 2008), Antioxidant activity (Nagulendran et al. 2007), wound healing activity (Puratchikody et al. 2006)
13 Physalis minima Urinary tract infection Earache, stomach pain, pain (Islam et al. 2014), urinary track, diuretic, joint inflammation, blood purifier, skin disease, pimples, liver tonic (Parul and Vashistha 2015) Analgesic activity (Anand et al. 2014), Diuretic activity Antiulcer Activity (Tammu et al. 2013), CNS depressant activity (Dharamveer et al. 2009), Antibacterial Potential (Patel et al. 2011), Antioxidant Activity (Gupta et al. 2010), Antifertility (Sudhakaran et al. 1999)
14 Echinochloa crusgalli Wound healing carbuncles, hemorrhage, sores, spleen trouble, cancer, wounds (Duke and Wain 1981) antioxidant activity, antibacterial activity (Mehta and Vadia 2014), Cytotoxic activity (El Molla et al. 2015), Anti hypercholesterolemic (Sathis Kumar et al. 2013), Antidiabetic activity (Devi et al. 2012)
15 Cynodon dactylon Menstruation, milk yield enhancer Scanty, irregular periods (Yadav et al. 2006), piles, irritation of urinary tract, vomiting, wounds (Khan et al. 2013b) Antioxidant activity (Sies 1997), Anticancer activity (Albert-Baskar and Ignacimuthu 2010), Anticonvulsant activity (Pal 2009), Hypoglycemic activity (Singh et al. 2008), Immunomodulatory activity (Mangathayaru et al. 2009), Hepatoprotective activity (Surendra et al. 2008), Antiulcer activity (Patil et al. 2003b)
16 Dactyloctenium aegyptium Fodder fodder (Chaudhari et al. 2013), astringent, bitter tonic, anti-anthelmintic, gastrointestinal, biliary, urinary ailments, polyurea (Janbaz and Saqib 2015), fevers (Choudhury et al. 2010), urinary lithiasis, spasm of maternity,renal infections (Malhotra et al. 1966) Antibacterial activity (Jebastella and Reginald Appavoo 2015), Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant activity (Rekha and Shivanna 2014), Anti-diabetic Activity (Nagarjuna et al. 2015)
17 Echinochloa colonum/Echinochloa crusgalli Anti-diabetic Ingestion (Zereen et al. 2013), http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/training/fact-sheets/item/echinochloa-colona
18 Eragrostis amabilis Fodder Fodder (Dangol 2008), Menorrhagia (Ghildiyal et al. 2014) -------
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