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Table 2 Conjectured effects of employment in the various sectors in the structural change perspective

From: Dedicated innovation systems to support the transformation towards sustainability: creating income opportunities and employment in the knowledge-based digital bioeconomy

Nature New/existing? Developing & producing Supplying & supporting Applying Facilitating Spillover
Existing sectors Increasing employment (higher demand) Increasing employment (higher demand) Increasing employment for jobs with complementarities; decreasing employment for jobs due to substitution; Possibly increasing employment due to possibly increasing demand Increasing employment (higher demand) Increasing employment
New sectors in the bioeconomy Increasing employment