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Table 4 Confirmatory Factor Analysis CFA

From: Innovation capability and its role in enhancing the relationship between TQM practices and innovation performance

  Convergent validity
Construct Items Internal reliability Cronbacha Composite reliability (CR) Average Variance ExtractedAVE
TQM-LMC 5-items 0.886 0.917 0.689
TQM-CF 5-items 0.906 0.930 0.728
TQM-PEM 6-items 0.920 0.938 0.715
TQM-PRM 5-items 0.916 0.937 0.749
TQM-SQM 4-items 0.836 0.885 0.608
TQM-QDR 5-items 0.908 0.932 0.733
IC 7-items 0.916 0.933 0.665
IP 8-items 0.925 0.939 0.658