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Table 6 Collaboration-type Roman Alliance Analysis

From: Historical review on the patterns of open innovation at the national level: the case of the roman period

NIS Constituents Description of case
Innovative Agent Government of Ancient Rome (centered around diplomatic agents)
Innovative Activity Collaboration through the formation and the reformation of collaborative systems (Latin League) among the member states to manage the territorial wars and subjects effectively.
Restructuring of relationship between Rome and member states, and among the member states themselves to mitigate the opposition to the previous collaborative activity and maintain loyalty (Roman Alliance)
Government Support Policies Through mutual equality treaties among the member states, centered around Rome, the member states were assigned the same profits (spoils, military provisions, and allowances from war), rights (citizenship with suffrage, marriage rights, etc.) and duties (conscription and participation)
Allowed bilateral treaties between Rome and member states only, and not among the member states
Environmental and Institutional Context The planned territorial expansions to both southern and northern areas in the Italian Peninsula and support from the surrounding nations played heavy importance in combat personnel and logistics support
Surrounding nations preferred alliances with the powerful Rome, but some dissent and opposition were shown because of the unfair relationship